Home

Bates Motel Season 1

Season 1. Error: please try again. Six months after the death of her husband, Norma Bates and her youngest son Norman relocate to White Pine Bay, Oregon where she has bought a small motel in a foreclosure sale. The place is run down but she hopes to make a go of it despite threats from the former owner Keith Summers and news that the town may. Season 1 of Bates Motel premiered on March 18, 2013 and concluded on May 20, 2013. It consisted of 10 episodes. 1 Production 2 Overview 3 Cast 4 Episodes 5 Release 6 Videos 7 Gallery On July 2, 2012, A&E gave Bates Motel a straight to series order. Vera Farmiga was the first to be cast as Norma Bates on August 27, 2012. Shortly after, Freddie Highmore was cast as Norman Bates on September 14.

Bates Motel - Season 1 - IMD

8.1 2013 X-Ray 16+. From Executive Producers Carlton Cuse (Lost) and Kerry Ehrin (Friday Night Lights and Parenthood), Bates Motel delves into the sadistic and twisted relationship between serial killer-to-be, Norman Bates, and his mother Norma. A prelude to the classic horror film Psycho, the series takes a contemporary glimpse into Norman's. Bates Motel Season 1 Episodes. Episode 1: First You Dream, Then You Die Widow Norma Bates and her shy teenage son, Norman, seek a fresh start in a coastal town filled with secrets. The arrival of an unexpected guest turns the Bates' lives upside down. Episode 2: Nice Town You Picked, Norma. Watch Bates Motel Season 1 Episode 8. A Boy and His Dog. Original Air Date: May 06, 2013. Norma comes across a stranger with a mysterious past while Dylan decides to head off on a road trip on. مشاهدة bates motel الموسم 1 مترجم ايجي بيست جميع حلقات المسلسل مترجمة عربي اون لاين جودة عاليه بروابط تحيمل سريعه اون لاين و مشاهدة مباشرة على bates motel الموسم الاول ايجي بيست.جميع الحلقات للموسم كاملة مترجمة من مواقع مشاهدة. Bates Motel. Soap2day Soap 2day Soap2day Movies Online Soap 2 day Soaptoday Soap Today soap2day.to soap2day.im soap2day.ac soap2day.cc soap2day nl s2dfree.to s2dfree.is s2dfree.in s2dfree.nl s2dfree.cc s2dfree.de soap2day.net soap2day.com soap2day.is soap2day.sc soap2day.works soap2days soap2dat soap2day fr soap2day.i

Bates Motel الموسم 1 مترجم . جميع الحلقات مترجمة عربي اون لاين جودة عاليه على فيديو اتاري فاصل اعلاني سيما كلوب شاهد فور يو Bates Motel الموسم 1 . مشاهدة مسلسل Bates Motel الموسم 1 اتاري فيديو . تصنيف المسلسل : الغاز . شاهد Bates Motel مترجم. Download Bates Motel Season 1 Complete 480p HDTV torrent for free, Downloads via Magnet Link or FREE Movies online to Watch in LimeTorrents.pro Hash.

مشاهدة مسلسل Bates Motel الموسم 1 مترجم مشاهده مباشرة اون لاين بروابط سريعه و تحميل الحلقات بروابط جوجل درايف اون لاين على فاصل اعلاني . . شاهد جميع الحلقات مترجمة سيما كلوب و فاصل اعلاني و سيما فور اب وفيديو بشوات و فيديو. Watch Bates Motel (2013) Season 1 S01 + Extras (1080p BluRay x265 HEVC 10bit AAC 5 1 RCVR Full Movie Online Free, Like 123Movies, FMovies, Putlocker, Netflix or Direct Download Torrent Bates Motel (2013) Season 1 S01 + Extras (1080p BluRay x265 HEVC 10bit AAC 5 1 RCVR via Magnet Download Link Audience Reviews for Bates Motel: Season 1. Jun 05, 2021. Season 1 has a much more outlandish and wild story compared to the later seasons, but even the even the final events of episode 10 pull it. Bates Motel English subtitles for season 1, 2, 3, 4 & Season 5 can be downloaded from WTFDetective.com with one click. Bates Motel Season 1, 2, 3, 4,

Season 1 Bates Motel Wiki Fando

http://www.tvweb.com - Trailer 3Source: http://www.tvweb.com/shows/bates-motel/season-1-trailer-3Bates Motel - Season 1 Bates Motel, inspired by Hitc.. Bates Motel - Season 1 - Review Posted by Laurent at September 23, 2013 3 Comments Bates Motel. LD. Reviews Because the first season is available in DVD and Blu-ray since September 7th, it is time to make a (small) review of Bates Motel. From the producers of Lost and Friday Night Lights, Bates Motel is a modern day re-imagining of the classic. مشاهدة الحلقة 1 الأولى من المسلسل الاجنبي Bates Motel الموسم الثانى مترجم اون لاين كامل يوتيوب بجودة عالية 720+1080 HD DVD نسخة أصلية ، تحميل وتنزيل مسلسل Bates Motel الموسم الثانى برابط مباشر و سريع على سيرفر جوجل درايف وديلى موشن. Bates Motel (season 1) [ซับไทย] กล่าวถึงตำนานการเริ่มต้นของโรงแรม Bates Motel จากภาพยนต์คลาสสิคที่ถูกสร้างไว้เมื่อปี 1960 ในชื่อ Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock. Bates Motel season 1, episode 8 recap. Allison recaps season 1, episode 8 of Bates Motel, A Boy and His Dog starring Vera Farmiga

Prime Video: Bates Mote

The fifth and final season of Bates Motel premiered on February 20, 2017, and concluded on April 24, 2017. The season consisted of 10 episodes and aired on Mondays at 10 p.m. ET/PT on A&E. The series itself is described as a contemporary prequel to the 1960 film Psycho, following the life of Norman Bates and his mother Norma prior to the events portrayed in the Hitchcock film Bates Motel Season 1 Subtitle Indonesia Download dan Nonton drama korea dengan kualitas HD 720p yang menjamin kualitas gambar dan suara yang jernih dan juga menyediakan link download berbagai pilihan HD 720p 480p dan SD 360p menjadikan situs Drama Sub Indo sebagai tempat nongkrongnya pecinta drakor drama barat drama china drama jepang drama thailand drama taiwan variety show k-drama k-show First You Dream, Then You Die Bates Motel : Season 1 Episode 1. First You Dream, Then You Die. TV-MA A&E. int (0) EPISODE LIST. Aired: March 18th, 2013 @ 4:00 AM BST on A&E. DOWNLOAD. Widow Norma Bates and her shy teenage son, Norman, seek a fresh start in a coastal town filled with secrets; the arrival of an unexpected guest turns the Bates.

Season 1 of Bates Motel (2013) - Ple

  1. Bates Motel Season 1. ซีรี่ย์ที่กล่าวถึงตำนานการเริ่มต้นของโรงแรม Bates Motel จากภาพยนต์คลาสสิคที่ถูกสร้างไว้เมื่อปี 1960 ในชื่อ Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock) เหตุการณ์ในซีรีย์จะ.
  2. All 24 songs featured in Bates Motel Season 1 Soundtrack, listed by episode with scene descriptions. Ask questions and download or stream the entire soundtrack on Spotify, YouTube, iTunes, & Amazon. Bates Motel Season 1 Soundtrack | Tunefin
  3. 8.1 2013 TV-14. From Executive Producers Carlton Cuse (Lost) and Kerry Ehrin (Friday Night Lights and Parenthood), Bates Motel delves into the sadistic and twisted relationship between serial killer-to-be, Norman Bates, and his mother Norma. A prelude to the classic horror film Psycho, the series takes a contemporary glimpse into Norman's.
  4. Bates Motel (season 1) - EP. 1 ดู Bates motel season 1 ตอนอื่นๆ ดูจบแล้วมาคุยกัน (ระวังสปอยนะจ๊ะ
  5. g Bates Motel in some form since 2014 in the US with season 1. New seasons then released every year thereafter (normally releasing in February) with the final fifth season dropping on Netflix.
  6. Bates Motel (Season 1) viesub, Review phim Nhà nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) , Spoil phim Nhà nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) , Preview phim Nhà nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) , lịch chiếu phim Nhà nghỉ Bates (Phần 1). xem Nhà nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) vietsub online tap 1, tap 2, tap 3, tap 4, phim Bates Motel (Season 1) ep 5, ep 6, ep 7, ep 8, ep 9, ep.
  7. Season 1 Characters. Category page. View source. History Talk (0) This category is for all of the characters (main or otherwise) who appeared in the first season. Trending pages. Norma Bates; Norman Bates; Bates Motel Wiki is a FANDOM TV Community. View Mobile Site.

Watch Bates Motel Season 1 Online - TV Fanati

  1. s. A mysterious stranger causes problems for Norma; Dylan and Remo take a fateful road trip. Underwater
  2. Bates Motel - Season 1 Episode 1. Join Peacock to watch this episode for free. Watch for Free. First You Dream, Then You Die. Season 1 Episode 1 48m. TVMA. Widow Norma Bates and her shy teenage son, Norman, start life anew in a secretive coastal town. Bates Motel Season 1 View all
  3. Bates Motel - Season 1 (2013). Ein halbes Jahr nach dem plötzlichen Tod ihres Ehemanns möchte Norma Bates (Vera Farmiga) gemeinsam mit ihrem sehr auf seine Mutter fixierten Sohn Norman (Freddie Highmore) einen Neuanfang wagen. Zu diesem Zweck hat sie in dem kleinen Küstenstädtchen White Pine Bay ein heruntergekommenes Motel gekauft, das sie nun wieder auf Vordermann bringen will

Bates Motel الموسم 1 جميع الحلقات فيديوها

Bates Motel Season 1 subtitles English. Blood is thicker. (Season 2). The series, being a contemporary prequel to the 1960 film Psycho, depicts the life of Norman Bates and his mother Norma prior to the events portrayed in Hitchcock's film, albeit in a different fictional town and in a modern setting. The series begins after the death of Norma's husband, when she purchases a motel located in. Watch Bates Motel directed by Tucker Gates. A boy's best friend is his mother. (Season 1) Now available on all of your devices with Plex. Drama, Mystery, Thriller, Horror, Crime, Suspens

Bates Motel completely missed that point - and by doing so, ends its first season with an absolute dud of a finale. Full Review | Original Score: C- Cleaver Patterson CineVu BATES MOTEL episode recap. Allison's recap of A&E's BATES MOTEL, a PSYCHO prequel series starring Vera Farmiga & Freddie Highmore as the Bates Family Note: full spoilers for Bates Motel Season 1 follow. Bates Motel shouldn't exist. As The Shield creator Shawn Ryan said at the Paley panel he hosted for the show, by all accounts, this series. Will Decody is the father of Emma Decodyand ex-husband of the late Audrey Ellis. From Season 1 to Season 4 he ran an antique shop and took a special interest in taxidermy, which is where Norman Bates got it from. He was portrayed by Ian Hart in Season 1and was then replaced by Andrew Howard when his role recurred in Season 3. 1 Biography 1.1 History 1.2 Season 1 1.3 Season 3 1.4 Season 4 1.5. Bates Motel (Season 1) (2013) 2013 45 Phút / Tập. Đang phát: [ Tập 10/10 ] Quốc gia: United States. Đạo diễn: Tucker Gates. Diễn viên: Freddie Highmore Ian Tracey Keenan Tracey Kenny Johnson Max Thieriot Nestor Carbonell Nicola Peltz Olivia Cooke Ryan Hurst Vera Farmiga. Thể loại: Phim Bộ, Phim Kinh Dị, Phim Mỹ, Phim.

BATES MOTEL Season 1 Episode 4 Recap: Trust Me. Freddie Highmore and Vera Farmiga star in AMC's PSYCHO prequel series BATES MOTEL BATES MOTEL Season 1 Episode 5 Recap. Our recap of Bates Motel season 1 episode 5, Ocean View. Bates Motel stars Vera Farmiga and Freddie Highmore. I have to admit, I was having my doubts about. BATES MOTEL Season 1 Episode 6 Recap. Our recap of season 1 episode 6, The Truth, of A&E's Bates Motel. Bates Motel stars Vera Farmiga. What I have to commend Bates Motel on more than anything. Bates Motel. (season 1) Bates Motel (2013-2017) is a drama thriller television series developed for television by Carlton Cuse. Kerry Ehrin and Anthony Cipriano and produced by Universal Television for the cable network A&E. The series, being a contemporary prequel to Alfred Hitchcock 's 1960 film Psycho (based on Robert Bloch 's novel of.

Season 3. Error: please try again. Norman and Emma make decisions regarding their future; Norma informs Norman of his boundaries. Error: please try again. Norma and Norman focus on Annika's disappearance; Norma learns the truth about the Arcanum Club. Error: please try again. Norman's relationship with Emma weakens his bond with Norma; Romero. مشاهدة مسلسل Bates Motel موسم 1 كامل نورمان بيتس وأمه نورما ينتقلان للعيش في بيت قديم يطل على نزل بعد موته والده، لكن هذا النزل والبلدة التي فيه ليست هادئة كما تبدوا The second season of Bates Motel consisted of 10 episodes and premiered on A&E on March 3, 2014. The season aired on Mondays at 9 p.m. ET/PT on A&E, and concluded on May 5, 2014. The series itself is described as a contemporary prequel to the 1960 film Psycho and follows the life of Norman Bates and his mother Norma in the fictional town of White Pine Bay, Oregon prior to the events.

Bates Motel Season 1 SOAP2DA

  1. Series 1, Episode 1 14+ CC HD CC SD. After the tragic death of her husband, Norma Bates (Vera Farmiga) buys a motel on the outskirts of an idyllic coastal town seeking a fresh start. Her handsome and shy teenage son Norman (Freddie Highmore) quickly catches the eyes of the local girls, much to his mother's horror
  2. Bates Motel الموسم 1 الحلقة 8 اون لاين. شاهد Bates Motel S01E08 مترجمة على موقع فيديو فشار اون لاين بجودة عالية وروابط تحميل و مشاهده مباشرة سريعه بدون تقطيع . مسلسل Bates Motel الموسم 1 الحلقة 8 مترجمة
  3. Bates Motel - Series 1: 9. Underwater. Bates Motel. Series 1: 9. Underwater. Contains moderate violence. Norma decides that buying the motel was a mistake and wants to move..

Bates Motel الموسم 1 - فيديو اتار

  1. ‎Bates Motel serves as a contemporary prequel to the genre-defining film Psycho and promises to give viewers an intimate portrayal of how Norman Bates' psyche unravels through his teenage years. Fans will have access to the dark, twisted backstory and learn first hand just how deeply intricat
  2. Series 1, Episode 1 MA15 CC HD CC SD. After the tragic death of her husband, Norma Bates (Vera Farmiga) buys a motel on the outskirts of an idyllic coastal town seeking a fresh start. Her handsome and shy teenage son Norman (Freddie Highmore) quickly catches the eyes of the local girls, much to his mother's horror
  3. Bates Motel ramps up the fun with a salacious infidelity subplot. Alex McLevy. 175. Save. If there's one undeniable thing to be said for Bates Motel 's style of storytelling, it's that.
  4. Best of Norma Bates' Freak Outs in Bates Motel episodes 1 -10. Best of Norma Bates' Freak Outs in Bates Motel episodes 1 -10
  5. Bates Motel Season 6. Bates Motel Season 6 is one of the best psychological horror drama series which is developed by Kerry Ehrin, Anthony Cipriano and Carlton Cuse.. It is produced by American Genre and Universal Television for the cable network A&E.The main characters of the series are Max Thieriot and Olivia Cooke.After the end of the 1 st Season, Néstor Carbonell was added to the main.

Bates Motel Season 1 Finale Review. Bates Motel's finale, appropriately titled Midnight, had everything that had been prepared the episode prior occur at midnight. Norma faces the threat. Watch Bates Motel (2013) Season 4 S04 + Extras (1080p BluRay x265 HEVC 10bit AAC 5 1 RCVR Full Movie Online Free, Like 123Movies, FMovies, Putlocker, Netflix or Direct Download Torrent Bates Motel (2013) Season 4 S04 + Extras (1080p BluRay x265 HEVC 10bit AAC 5 1 RCVR via Magnet Download Link

2.1 Gone But Not Forgotten. The first season of Bates Motel built steadily, but inexorably to its violent prom night conclusion. The second seems intent on stacking a few storeys on that. Watch Bates Motel Full Season IN HD Visit :: http://tv.onlinehdmoviez.club/tv/46786-1-9 Télécharger : - http://tv.onlinehdmoviez.club/tv/46786-1-9 Abernathy. พฤศจิกายน 4, 2019. Bates Motel Season 1 ซับไทย. เบทส์โมเต็ล Bates Motel Season 1 ซับไทย ซีรี่ย์ที่กล่าวถึงตำนานการเริ่มต้นของโรงแรม Bates Motel จากภาพยนต์คลาสสิค. Catch up on season 1 of Bates Motel, only on A&E. Get exclusive videos, pictures, bios and check out more of your favorite moments from seasons past Bates Motel (2013) Season 1 S01 + Extras (1080p BluRay x265 HEVC 10bit AAC 5.1 RCVR) Bates Motel (2013) - S01E01 - First You Dream, Then You Die (1080p BluRay x265 RCVR).mkv (998.0 MB) Bates Motel (2013) - S01E02 - Nice Town You Picked, Norma (1080p BluRay x265 RCVR).mkv (1.1 GB

Bates Motel Season 1 Complete 480p HDTV Torrent Download

مشاهدة Bates Motel الموسم 1 اون لاي

Bates Motel. A boy's best friend is his mother. The dark twisted backstory of how a teenage boy becomes a killer. Psycho prequel starring Vera Farmiga and Freddie Highmore. Series 1: 1. First You. บทส์โมเต็ล Bates Motel Season 1 ซับไทย ซีรี่ย์ที่กล่าวถึงตำนานการเริ่มต้นของโรงแรม Bates Motel จากภาพยนต์คลาสสิคที่ถูกสร้างไว้เมื่อปี 1960 ในชื่อ Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock.

Bates Motel—Season 1 aired from March 18, 2013 to May 20, 2013 on A&E. The series is a modern adaptation of Alfred Hitchcock's horror-suspense thriller Psycho from 1960 which was based on Robert Bloch's 1959 novel. The series was met with positive reviews and Vera Farmiga earned a Primetime Emmy nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series Bates Motel Season 5 premiered on February 20, 2017, and concluded on April 24, 2017. The writers had already planned that they would be concluding this series with season five. The heartbreaking finale does leave us wanting more, but it beautifully concludes this twisted tale of a weird mother-son relationship

Bates Motel (2013) Season 1 S01 + Extras (1080p BluRay

  1. Tag: Nha Nghi Bates Phan 1 Vietsub Online Bates Motel Season 1. comment. Có thể bạn thích xem. 10 / 10. Nhà Nghỉ Bates Phần 2 - Bates Motel Season 2 . US 2014 16.511 . 10 / 10. Nhà Nghỉ Bates Phần 3 - Bates Motel Season 3 . US 2015 16.501 . 10 / 10. Nhà Nghỉ Bates Phần 4 - Bates Motel Season 4.
  2. Tonight's fantastic episode of Bates Motel builds perfectly on the climax of season four, capturing the deepening emotional rupture that allows Norman Bates (Freddie Highmore) to live with.
  3. เรื่องย่อ. Bates Motel Season 1 ซีรี่ย์ที่กล่าวถึงตำนานการเริ่มต้นของโรงแรม Bates Motel จากภาพยนต์คลาสสิคที่ถูกสร้างไว้เมื่อปี 1960 ในชื่อ Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock) เหตุการณ์ในซี.

From the producers of Lost and Friday Night Lights comes a modern day prequel to the iconic horror film Psycho. After finding his father dead, teenager Norman Bates (Freddie Highmore, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory) and his mother, Norma (Academy Award® nominee Vera Farmiga), purchase a motel and move to White Pine Bay in search of a new life, but they soon discover this idyllic seaside. Bates Motel (1.ª temporada) Bates Motel. (1.ª temporada) Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. A primeira temporada de Bates Motel estreou em 18 de março de 2013 e foi concluída em 20 de maio de 2013. A temporada consistiu em 10 episódios e foi ao ar às segundas-feiras às 22h no A&E. A série é descrita como um prequel. In its final season, Bates Motel proved over and over again that it is one of the few series on television that can simultaneously subvert predictions, exceed expectations — of which there were.

Bates Motel: Season 1 - Rotten Tomatoe

مسلسل Bates Motel الموسم الثالث الحلقة 1 فاصل إعلاني. مسلسل الهندي للعشق الجنون الجزء الثالث حلقة 127 مسلسل الهيبة الجزء الثالث الحلقة ١٠ يوتيوب مسلسل المراءة الجزء الثالث الحلقة 6 مسلسل الهندي. Nhà Nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) Nhà Nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) tập 1 FULL HD VIETSUB, Bates Motel (Season 1) 2013 Nhà Nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) - Bates Motel (Season 1) (2013) HD VIETSUB Nhà Nghỉ Bates (Phần 1) - Bates Motel (Season 1) (2013) xoay quanh những câu chuyện bí mật chưa ai biết về thời niên thiếu và hành [] 0 / 5 0 đánh gi Amazon.de - Kaufen Sie Bates Motel - Season 1 günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu einer vielseitigen Blu-ray- und DVD-Auswahl - neu und gebraucht Bates Motel. Bates Motel er en amerikansk drama- og thrillerserie om Norman Bates som har gått på A&E siden 2013. Serien utspiller seg kronologisk før hendelsene i Alfred Hitchcocks film Psycho. Serien fokuserer på forholdet mellom Norman og hans mor, Norma

Bates Motel Season 1-5 Subtitles English Subs SRT

Bates Motel. (season 3) Bates Motel (2013-2017) is a drama thriller television series developed for television by Carlton Cuse. Kerry Ehrin and Anthony Cipriano and produced by Universal Television for the cable network A&E. The series, being a contemporary prequel to Alfred Hitchcock 's 1960 film Psycho (based on Robert Bloch 's novel of.

Bates Motel: Norma Bates' Iconic Gothic Mansion In

Video: Bates Motel Season 1 Trailer #3 - YouTub

Video: Bates Motel - Season 1 - Revie

Dylan and Emma | Bates Motel Wiki | Fandom powered by WikiaMost Shocking Television Deaths of the 2014-15 Season

مسلسل Bates Motel الموسم الثانى مترجم الحلقة 1 الأول

"Bates Motel" Intro - YouTubeBates Family House | Bates Motel Wiki | FANDOM powered byMax Thieriot | Bates Motel Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia
  • Photos Retouch.
  • فرقة خمسة أضواء ويكيبيديا.
  • تنزيل قناة روسيا اليوم.
  • أكاديمية الطبخ.
  • رضاعة الزوج من زوجته السيستاني.
  • مطاعم الخالدية مول.
  • شركات تجهيز قاعات الاجتماعات.
  • اللي يحط صورته عرض.
  • رقية الوسواس القهري والخوف.
  • رسم مساجد وقباب.
  • هاتف LG G3.
  • سعر رشاش ايكول عوزى صوت 9 ملى.
  • دور الشباب في المجتمع.
  • Sega games online.
  • زراعة البانجو في مصر.
  • رقم تليفون الباتروس أكوا بارك شرم الشيخ.
  • اللون القرميدي.
  • للبيع طيارة.
  • أحجام محركات السيارات.
  • كيفية عمل الشريط المغناطيسي.
  • رسم العيون الصغيرة.
  • أقوال مفكرين.
  • كلية الهندسة جامعة الاسكندرية قسم عمارة.
  • خلفيات برج خليفة.
  • رحلات اكوا بارك من الاسكندرية.
  • جولة في باريس 2019.
  • مرسيدس المحظورة دوليا.
  • الفيلم التسجيلي pdf.
  • سجن عين ولمان سطيف.
  • انستقرام ديفيد بيكهام.
  • صوت الهدهد mp3.
  • تنزيل Photo Editor محرر الصور للكمبيوتر.
  • كوكب ماكيماكي.
  • برنامج علاج المس العاشق مجرب.
  • أشعر بالخوف بالانجليزي.
  • مسلسل Ariza.
  • تصميم العجلة الدوارة.
  • مرض الزهايمر موضوع.
  • بحث عن تصميم الشعارات.
  • اسم الله الأعظم إسلام ويب.
  • أقوال ابراهيم الفقي عن التفاؤل.